Cabral ES, Cassarino DS.
Sebaceous carcinoma (SC) most commonly presents on the eyelid and is frequently misdiagnosed both clinically and pathologically. Only very rare cases of desmoplastic tricholemmoma (DTL) of the eyelid have been reported.
We present a case of DTL of the eyelid initially misdiagnosed as an invasive SC.
A 55-year-old man presented with a rapidly growing 5 mm erythematous lesion on his upper eyelid. Histologic examination showed a lobular, folliculocentric proliferation of palely eosinophilic to clear cells surrounded by peripheral basal cells with palisading. The central portion of the lesion appeared infiltrative with clear cells surrounded by a thickened basement embedded in a dense, collagenous stroma. However, the cells showed mostly uniform cytoplasmic clearing, lacking the multivacuolization or nuclear scalloping of sebocytes. In addition, a periodic acid Schiff stain was positive with diastase sensitivity, indicating cytoplasmic glycogen, not lipid. CD34 immunohistochemical staining was also positive, which has been reported in DTL but not in SC.